An introduction to filariasis more commonly known as elephantiasis
An adult worm lives for about 5—7 years. Lymphatic filariasis is caused by three different species of worms known as Brugia malayi, Brugia timori and Wuchereria bancrofti. Most of the infections worldwide are caused by Wuchereria bancrofti.
Lymphatic filariasis is caused by three different species of worms known as Brugia malayi, Brugia timori and Wuchereria bancrofti. Salt fortified with DEC has also been used in a few unique settings to interrupt the transmission cycle. Lymphatic tissue may also be located in other regions of the body, such as the skin, small intestine, liver, and other organs. The infection spreads from person to person by mosquito bites. Cause and transmission Lymphatic filariasis is caused by infection with parasites classified as nematodes roundworms of the family Filariodidea. Testing the blood serum for antibodies against the disease may also be used. Causes Elephantiasis is caused by obstruction of the lymph vessels of the lymphatic system. These asymptomatic infections still cause damage to the lymphatic system and the kidneys, and alter the body's immune system. They grow into adult worms, a process that takes 6 months or more. Depending on the parasite-vector species, measures such as insecticide-treated nets, indoor residual spraying or personal protection measures may help protect people from infection. It is found in both rural communities and urban slums, and is spread by mosquitoes which tend to breed in these areas. Elephantiasis is closely associated with poverty. Uncover new sources by reviewing other students' references and bibliographies Inspire new perspectives and arguments or counterarguments to address in your own essay Read our Academic Honor Code for more information on how to use and how not to use our library. It is believed that the mineral particles cause an immune system response eventually resulting in the formation of inflammatory masses of nodules granulomas in the lymph vessels of the feet and legs.
It consists of a network of tubular channels lymph vessels that drain a thin watery fluid known as lymph from different areas of the body into the bloodstream. The majority of infections are asymptomatic, showing no external signs of infection while contributing to transmission of the parasite.
Lymphatic tissue may be removed by surgery or radiation therapy. Donovanosis is caused by the bacterium Calymmatobacterium Klebsiella granulomatosis. However, in many cases, medical therapy alone is not enough and surgery may be necessary.
In Africa, the most common vector is Anopheles and in the Americas, it is Culex quinquefasciatus. Keywords: Wuchereria bancrofti, lymphatic filariasis, elephantiasis 1.
Inpodoconiosis was added to the World Health Organization's Neglected Tropical Diseases listwhich was an important milestone in raising global awareness of the condition. We'll take a look right away. The adult worm lives in the human lymph vessels, mates, and produces millions of microscopic worms, also known as microfilariae.
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