Aristotles concept of catharsis
When the spectator has witnessed a tragedy of this type, he will have learned something; the incidents will be clarified in the sense that their relation, in terms of universal, will have become manifest and the act of learning, says Aristotle, will be enjoyable.
Aristotle, Translator S. Both these impulses are harmonized and blended in tragedy and this balance brings relief and repose.
SPIEGEL larly, the soul can benefit from learning offered to it only when the distorted views which stand in the way of this learning are banished from it, thereby purging it.
We know that feelings, no matter what their type is, create disturbance until they are released. Simi- 1 Ibid.
Catharsis in tragedy
Tragedy makes us realize that divine law operates in the universe, shaping everything for the best. This matter does not remain permanently in the soul. Thus, Plato's description of the katharsis itself is similar to Aristotle's. Hence, there is a rational basis to Bachhic Dionysian celebrations and others similar to them : in simple people, whose education is very limited, psychic disorders caused by life or fortune are removed in the course of these celebrations through the media of songs and dances. The ethical interpretation is that the tragic process is a kind of lustration of the soul, an inner illumination resulting in a more balanced attitude to life and its suffering. What makes difference is their suppression. Foesius, the editor of the Hippocratic writings, says that for Hippocrates katharsis is the purging of the organism of liquids injurious to the body owing to their noxious quality. Critics defined catharsis as emotional fortitude, physiological balance, a process of emotional outlet, purgation, purification and homeopathic treatment. He departs from his own psychic state and contemplates another's suffering, afflictions which greatly resemble his own.
A true tragedy, first provoke these feelings and then gives relief from them. The fusion of the sufferer and his afflictions, — a natural fusion which is characteristic of a suffering individual,— his inability to wrench himself from his ego, is dissolved.
One's soul, as it experiences the longings and struggles portrayed in tragedy, is set in violent motion.
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