They find the substantial population growth of that period to have had relatively little impact on changing land use practices, but they see other innovations such as a diversification of livelihood pathways labour migration, non-agricultural occupations facilitated by globalization as more relevant solutions.
In Chap. In the eighth century the two-field system predominated in western Europe but by the twelfth and thirteenth centuries the three-field system had come to displace its two-field counterpart in high density regions.
For the rest of her life, she worked as a consultant and writer. In cases dealing with more advanced industrial situations, such as Chap. Long fallow systems which are technologically simple associated only with the digging stick and the axe are displaced by bush fallow year fallow and short fallowing year fallow in which the plough is a prerequisite.
Finally, Ringhofer et al.
Further reading. Boserupian Theory[ edit ] Although Boserup's original theory was highly simplified and generalized, it proved instrumental in understanding agricultural patterns in developing countries.