Term papers on ocd
Term papers on ocd
Biological Models The discovery of the effectiveness of serotonin reuptake inhibitors SRIs in treating OCD produced a surge of speculation and theory about a biological basis for the disorder. In another test of attentional processing, it has also been reported that after successful treatment, OCD patients no longer showed attentional bias toward contamination items in a dichotic listening task. No reality-monitoring deficits have been found. Compulsions circumvent this processing by allowing the patient to escape from a fearful situation before they have had a chance to habituate to it. This thought pattern led to him compulsively washing his hands, obsessively cleaning surfaces and doorknobs, and throwing out perfectly fine clothing due to fear of contamination These theorists hypothesize that fear-related memories are stored in fear structures that are activated by exposure to a fear stimulus. When efforts to suppress these thoughts fail, sensitization and vigilance to similar thoughts occurs, and this process escalates into an obsessional pattern. Reviews of the available literature have recommended cingulotomy as the first choice for psychosurgery with these patients.
Melvin displays many different behaviors throughout the movie such as anti-Semitic, narcissistic character, mysophobia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Many of these cues or triggers cannot be avoided e. These theorists hypothesize that fear-related memories are stored in fear structures that are activated by exposure to a fear stimulus.
Pathophysiology of ocd
The first such comparison, in the early s, found greater average improvement with exposure treatment compared with clomipramine. As the knowledge of this disorder becomes more prevalent, those suffering have become more willing to seek help OCDA. One consistent finding in this literature has been the lowered confidence in memory capacity shown by OCD subjects. Compulsions circumvent this processing by allowing the patient to escape from a fearful situation before they have had a chance to habituate to it. In order to be comfortable in her classes, she feels she must arrive early, find a specific desk on a certain row, and thoroughly clean the desk and seat before she can be seated In my situation my step son has been diagnosed with OCD, he has come a long way since first came to light, his obsessed in keeping his hands clean, he carries two to three different bottles of hand sanitizer and has set his phone to go off every 5 minutes to remind him to wash his hands with anti-bacteria soup that he carries and the follows it up with hand sanitizer Although to date only a small number of studies have been completed, cognitive therapy for OCD shows clear promise with or without ERP. This disease can ruin a person's life because it causes them to have repetitive thoughts and behaviors towards certain things. Traditional ERP has been supplemented by varying the procedure to enhance benefits and reduce the cost of the treatment. Finally, I will discuss the ethical responsibilities that Social Workers have towards clients in the mental health field.
Children, teens, and adults could potentially gain OCD depending on the stressful situations that occur in their lives.
Although these drugs are also considered antidepressants, the SRIs appear to work for OCD patients whether or not they are depressed.
Early studies of the effects of cognitive therapy on OCD were hampered by the fact that the therapies were generic and not specifically tied to OCD cognitions. Article composed by an intern at essays-online. This disorder also has various causes and treatment methods that go along with the disease as a whole. A feeling of stickiness will begin to spread from the point of contamination and I will be lost in a place I do not want to go. In addition to level of insight, other issues remain unsolved. Increased metabolic activity has also been observed in the caudate nucleus of OCD patients during rest. She would begin sweating and having major anxiety when people went to shake her hand or her roommate would touch her food or any of her things One of the most common compulsions that people who suffer from this disorder is excessive washing of the hands and checking things sirs, page This theory is quite interesting and deserves further research. There is some evidence that augmenting SRI treatment with neuroleptics may benefit those patients with schizotypal personality disorder and comorbid tic disorders. Compulsions are the repetitive behaviors that a person feels compelled to perform. The main character, Mr. Salkovskis, P. So I wash until the feeling is gone, until the anxiety subsides.
Secondly the prevalence of the disorder will be considered. Toward a neuroanatomy of obsessive compulsive disorder. After getting out of bed and taking a shower, now fully awake, worry begins to plague you.
However, as argued in the hereditary paragraph, most studies would argue that OCD is genetically transmitted. Foa, E. End your research paper worries in less than 5 Minutes!
These fixed-action patterns are innate species-specific responses that are motor programs for action and take the form of grooming and safety rituals. Thus, the frequency of compulsive actions increases in future situations, which triggers an obsessional concern.
More active strategies like compulsive behaviors are needed to prevent harm or restore a feeling of safety. Similarities exist between OCD rituals and religious or cultural rituals, and certain religious practices are associated with OCD symptomatology.
First discovered in the 19th Century, the neurosis of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a complex disorder consisting of obsessive thoughts often accompanied by compulsive behaviors that sufferers repeat in order to alleviate the anxiety caused by these thoughts. The illness can affect people in any income bracket, of any race, gender, or ethnic group and in any occupation. Modifications of the acquisition portion of the two-stage theory suggest that stressful events sensitize some individuals to cues that have an innate tendency to elicit fear, were learned during early traumatic experiences, or have special cultural significance. Further examination or research of these issues is warranted. Because compulsions interfere with habituation of the negative mood generated by obsessions, blocking the rituals prevents the premature reduction of fear. Their rituals calm their anxiety. They categorize in an underinclusive way, such that many small categories are generated with narrow boundaries and overspecifled rules for category membership.
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