Vietnam war outcome influenced by the
Meanwhile, the Soviet Union and China poured weapons, supplies, and advisers into the North, which in turn provided support, political direction, and regular combat troops for the campaign in the South. At another protest 10 days later, two students at Jackson State University in Mississippi were killed by police.
Third, in cases involving other types of aggression, we shall furnish military and economic assistance when requested in accordance with our treaty commitments.
Above all, the atrocities were in fact, a Vietnamese tragedy.
Vietnam war timeline
President Eisenhower had considered authorizing a U. Subsequently, the Vietnamese retained a large force in Cambodia—, of their 1. The Soviet deployment of more warships in the Mediterranean increased the pressure on the United States. Congress authorized troop deployment in Vietnam, but, because it did not issue a declaration of war on North Vietnam or the Viet Cong , the Vietnam War is, technically speaking, not considered a war in the United States. There were obvious fundamental contrasts between the Tet Offensive and that of the Israelis in , not least in terrain and outcome, but there was a similarity in that the ability to take the offensive to disorientated opponents and provided a dramatic political message. For other Americans, opposing the government was considered unpatriotic and treasonous. There was also concern about the situation in Korea.
By more thanU. President Eisenhower had considered authorizing a U. The changing conditions of the context surrounding Vietnam made what happened there seem less strategically important to the U.
It mattered whether the new countries established communist or non-communist governments. Johnson raised the number of South Vietnam deployments to 23, U.
What caused the vietnam war
The context of decolonization helps explain regional Southeast Asian perspectives on communism. By more than , U. Hoopes, who served in the Pentagon from January to February , first as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs and then as Under Secretary of the Air Force, explains the failure of Vietnam as the result of a loss of a sense of proportion by decision-makers at the top. This was a serious failure of assessment. First, China is preoccupied with its own domestic politics and with principal foreign struggles against the Soviet Union and Formosa. In contrast, Position 2 shifted away from victory as a goal and moved toward the advocacy of some kind of mutual withdrawal of foreign forces and toward some effort to reach a settlement by non-military means once it became evident that the means required for the more ambitious goal were so costly in lives, dollars, and domestic support. Vietnam: A New History. Although it could bring significant tactical and operational advantages, the Americans failed to use bombing to bring victory or, indeed, to direct the responses of the North Vietnamese, except for an investment in anti-aircraft capability. The war had pierced the myth of American invincibility and had bitterly divided the nation. The Excluded Fourth Position There is another interpretation which has been largely excluded from the public dialogue thus far. Shah, Anup. The war ruined both North and South Vietnam. Eyewitness Vietnam War.
This course was encouraged by the American rapprochement with China, a step of great strategic significance that, like the earlier overthrow of the Left-wing nationalist government in Indonesia inmade it less serious for the Americans to abandon South Vietnam.
Position 2, therefore, depends on having a fairly secure regime in power in the country that is the scene of the struggle. The Vietnam War also left many long lasting effects on the veterans who had fought hard in the war.
At least names on the memorial are those of servicemen who were actually Canadian citizens. The question of who won the Vietnam War has been a subject of debate, and the answer depends on the definition of victory.
The United States entered Vietnam with the principal purpose of preventing a communist takeover of the region.
based on 11 review